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XXIV Legislature Pushes for AI Regulation: A Critical Need for Safeguarding Rights and Data Protection

-Editorial

The representatives of the XXIV Legislature approved the issuance of a letter addressed to the Congress of the Union to request legislation regarding Artificial Intelligence, due to the absence of regulation regarding the use of said technology.

Congresswoman Daylín García Ruvalcaba referred to the need to implement regulations on this technology (AI), which allows citizens to use it responsibly and guarantees the safeguarding of people’s rights, including the protection of personal data.

Among the capabilities of artificial intelligence, automating a wide range of tasks stands out, from virtual assistant, performing exhaustive analysis of databases, recognizing and generating images and voice, performing instant language translations, and predicting behaviors, among other tasks that until a few years ago they were exclusive to human beings.

“We are facing an unprecedented scenario in which humans face competition from non-human entities for the first time,” emphasized Daylín García.

Among some generative AI, there are DALL-E and Stable Diffusion, which generate images from text, Make-A-Video, for converting text to video, and language models such as Chat GPT, among others.

In April 2021, the European Commission presented a classification of risks that vary depending on the threat they represent. First, there is unacceptable risk, which refers to systems that can cognitively manipulate vulnerable people or groups, such as social scoring and real-time biometric identification systems.

Secondly, the high-risk level, which are systems that can negatively affect people’s fundamental rights, for example, those that can compromise physical integrity, such as toys, airplanes, cars, medical devices, etc. Finally, there is the limited risk level, which implies compliance with minimum transparency requirements that allow users to make informed decisions about their use.

Daylín García pointed out that legislative advances are being made in this matter worldwide, “Mexico cannot remain behind, it is of utmost importance to guarantee the protection of the users of these systems against the risk that their use entails.”

 

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